A cardiologist is a physician who specialises in cardiac disorders like congenital heart abnormalities, coronary artery disease, and heart failure. These professionals should not be confused with cardiac surgeons, who conduct procedures such as heart transplants and by-pass surgery. Cardiologists are in limited supply in the United States right now. As the baby boomer population ages and demand for speciality doctors rises, industry experts believe the shortage will grow to critical proportions.Learn more by visiting Advanced Heart And Vascular Of Central New Jersey
The heart is a complicated system that includes muscle, valves, blood veins, and arteries. Some cardiac problems are caused by birth abnormalities, while others are caused by poor lifestyle choices or age. Because the symptoms of one ailment can easily mirror those of another, proper diagnosis necessitates a thorough study of the patient’s medical and family history, as well as their lifestyle.
A heart arrhythmia, or irregular electrical activity in the organ, is one such symptom that could be the result of another cardiac condition, necessitating a complete examination of the patient by a professional to determine the direct cause and appropriate therapy. Heart disease symptoms include chest aches, tiredness, and shortness of breath.
Coronary heart disease, the most prevalent type of heart disease, occurs when blood arteries narrow, reducing blood and oxygen circulation to the heart. Cardiac arrest is likely if circulation is disrupted. Noninvasive tests like chest x-rays, an MRI, or a CT scan may usually identify the illness correctly. A cardiologist performs these tests, which give imaging to detect if there are any blockages preventing the heart from pumping efficiently.
Other procedures, such as echocardiograms, allow the specialist to listen to cardiac rhythms in order to detect abnormalities. The cardiologist also performs invasive tests that necessitate tissue samples. After a satisfactory diagnosis, the specialist may begin treating the problem with lifestyle changes such as weight loss, exercise, and a nutritious diet. In addition to these lifestyle adjustments, the doctor may prescribe drugs to relieve the blockage and restore the organ’s normal function. If the doctor determines that the blockage requires surgery, the patient will be referred to a cardiac surgeon who will conduct a by-pass surgery, a stent placement, or a heart transplant.