Water damage may take several forms which, if not addressed properly, may cause long-term damage to not just your property but also your health. Have a look at Mr. Restore – Dallas water damage for more info on this. Identifying the kind of water damage you’re concerned with is one of the first steps toward repairing any possible water damage to your home. There are three categories of water damage, according to the Institute of Inspection Cleaning and Restoration Certification (IICRC), which are defined in their Standard and Reference Guide for Professional Water Damage Restoration (the S500). Water damage is classified according to its source, length of period in the system, structure background, and other influencing factors such as contaminants, fertilisers, animal wastes, gasoline, detergents, rat poison, and so on.
They define Category 1 water damage as burst water pipes, leaked equipment, and small quantities of rainwater. Category 1 water is distinguished by the fact that it is clean at the source and hence does not pose a health risk when drunk. To treat Category 1 water, you’ll need a lot fewer equipment and time.
Burst water pipes, collapsed supply lines on equipment, dropping rainwater, melting snow or ice, damaged toilet tanks, or toilet bowl overflow that does not include any pollutants are examples of Category 1 water harm. Although this form of water damage isn’t inherently dangerous, it may quickly escalate to category 2 if not addressed. If the right conditions for microorganism growth are present, such as stagnant weather, humidity, and mild temperatures, the time period could be shortened (68-86 degrees Fahrenheit).
Category 2 water damage, also known as grey water, is described by any level of contamination at the source, or Category 1 water that has been ignored, as previously stated. This form of water harm is moderately harmful, because whether humans or animals are subjected to it, they can become ill or uncomfortable.
Discharge from washing machines or dishwashers, toilet flow leak with urine but no faeces, sump pump back-up, hydrostatic pressure seepage, washing machine overflow, damaged aquariums, and puncture water beds are the most common examples of Category 2 water injury. Chemicals, bio-contaminants, and other sources of toxins that are harmful to human health can be present in these water harm situations. Allergic asthma, allergic rhinitis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis (lung tissue inflammation), burning eyes, skin pain, inflammatory reflex, nausea, fatigue, and fever are several of the health consequences. Time and favourable temperatures allow for a Category 3 degradation within 48 hours.
Category 3, or black water, is the last and most serious form of water injury. Black water is heavily acidic, produces bacteria, and in rare cases, can trigger severe illness or even death. For the duration of the outbreak and clean-up, someone with a weakened immune system, respiratory disease, asthma, or small children can stay away from the structure.
Sewage, ground surface water penetration, toilet backflow from outside the trap, and flooding sweaters/rivers/streams that have infiltrated the premises are all examples of this form of destruction. Flooding water carries in silt and other microbial matter, which might also have bacteria forming on it, and allowing it to sit inert in your home would just encourage microorganisms to thrive. Bacterial diseases from E. coli, salmonella, and shigella, soil species like Streptomyces, saccharopolyspora, and thermonospora, viruses like rotavirus, hepatitis, and echovirus, and parasites like giardia, cryptosporidium, and others are only a few of the negative health consequences of black water. In either case, black water is a major problem that must be addressed right away.
According to the IICRC, there are four levels in addition to water damage types. Water damage is classified according to the pace at which it would evaporate. The sort of substance that has been harmed is often the deciding factor.
Class 1 The water loss was restricted to a small portion of the room, and the materials harmed were of low porosity (water is retained on the surface). There isn’t anything in the way of a damp carpet or pillow.
Class 2 The whole space, as well as the carpet and cushion, is impacted. Water has risen 1-2 feet up the walls. Moisture persists in the building’s structure.
Class 3: The evaporation rate is the slowest, and water could have came from above. Ceilings, ceilings, carpet, cushion, and sub-floor are all wet, and drying can take a long time.
Wet products with low porosity or permeation, such as hardwood, asphalt, stone, tile, or plaster, are classified as Class 4. Water has created deep pockets of saturation, necessitating the use of specialised equipment to establish a low-humidity setting.