Vascular surgery is a medical speciality that deals with the treatment of blood vascular disorders. This can involve issues with the arteries, veins, and lymphatic system. Strokes and mini strokes (TIAs) caused by carotid artery narrowing, aortic aneurysm, varicose veins, and poor leg circulation are some of the most frequent vascular disorders treated by professionals in this field. good to know
Blood vessel problems, with the exception of those involving the heart, are treated by a specialist who specialises in this field of medicine. Patients who have suffered diseases or injuries, as well as those who have damaged blood vessels and require blood flow restored to a specific location of the body, may be treated by these doctors. Diabetes patients frequently experience this. A patient may experience blood flow problems in their limbs and be referred to a vascular surgeon to see if vascular surgery will assist.
Vascular surgeons acquire education and training in order to treat patients with these diseases. Stenting of veins and arteries, minimally invasive balloon angioplasty, and reconstructive operations are among the therapies they provide. They also provide therapy to their patients to assist them cope with the difficulties they are dealing with.
Some of the cases that these surgeons deal with are urgent and require quick attention. Others are life-threatening situations that should be referred to a vascular surgeon within a day or two. Asymptomatic carotid artery narrowing, leg pain due to poor circulation, and persistent leg swelling due to lymphatic or venous disorders are examples of non-urgent illnesses that require attention but are not life-threatening.
Not all patients who are sent to this type of specialist require radiological or surgical treatment. Some of them require guidance on how to change their lifestyles, such as decreasing weight and beginning an exercise routine. Patients require reassurance that taking the proper precautions to reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease or stroke is critical. Blood pressure control, as well as antiplatelet and lipid-lowering therapy, may be used. Smoking is a leading cause of disorders affecting the blood vessels. Over 80% of individuals with vascular diseases are smokers or former smokers, according to estimates.